Hailstorms are common in Texas, especially during the spring and summer months. These storms can bring heavy rain, strong winds, and most notably, hail. While hail may seem harmless, it can cause significant damage to your property, particularly your roof.

In this article, we’ll dive into the science of hail damage in Texas and explain what happens to your roof during a hailstorm.

What is Hail?

Before we get to how hail damages your roof, we must first understand what hail is. Hail is frozen rain that forms in thunderstorms when powerful winds push water droplets up into the sky and freeze them.

As the ice particles get bigger, they eventually become too heavy and fall to the ground.

How Big Can Hailstones Get?

Hailstones can vary in size, with some as small as a pea and others as large as a softball. The largest recorded hailstone in the United States was 8 inches in diameter and weighed nearly 2 pounds. In Texas, hailstones can range from the size of a marble to a golf ball, with some reaching the size of a baseball.

Hail damage


How Does Hail Damage Your Roof?

When hail falls from the sky, it can reach speeds of up to 100 miles per hour. As these hailstones hit your roof, they can cause significant damage, depending on their size and the material of your roof.

Asphalt Shingles

In Texas, most roofs are made from asphalt shingles. Unfortunately, these roofs are easily damaged by hail.

Hail hitting an asphalt shingle can make it lose granules. This exposes the mat underneath and makes it more susceptible to damage. This can lead to cracks and tears in the shingles, compromising the integrity of your roof.

Metal Roofs

Metal roofs are more durable than asphalt shingles and can withstand large hailstones. However, they are not completely immune to hail damage. Large hailstones can dent and scratch metal roofs, which can lead to rust and corrosion over time.

Tile Roofs

Tile roofs are the most resistant to hail damage, as they are made of durable materials such as clay or concrete. However, they are not completely impervious to hail either. Big hailstones can crack or break tiles making your roof weak and prone to leaks and other damage.

How to Identify Hail Damage on Your Roof

After a hailstorm, it’s essential to inspect your roof for any signs of damage. Here are some common signs of hail damage on different types of roofs:

  • Asphalt shingles: Look for missing or damaged granules, cracks, tears, or punctures in the shingles.
  • Metal roofs: Check for dents, scratches, or other signs of impact on the metal panels.
  • Tile roofs: Look for cracked or broken tiles, as well as any displaced or missing tiles.

You should also check your gutters and downspouts for damage because hail can make them get dents and cracks.

The Importance of Addressing Hail Damage

If your roof has been damaged by hail, it’s crucial to address the issue promptly. Ignoring the damage can lead to more problems later on.

Additionally, if you have insurance coverage for hail damage, it’s essential to file a claim as soon as possible. Insurance policies usually have a deadline for filing a claim. If you wait too long, they might reject your claim.

Home protection


How to Protect Your Roof from Hail Damage

While you can’t control the weather, there are steps you can take to protect your roof from hail damage.

Regular Roof Inspections

Regular roof inspections can find existing damage that might make your roof more likely to be damaged by hail. It’s recommended to have your roof inspected at least once a year and after any severe weather events.

Trim Trees and Branches

During a hailstorm, trees and branches can break and fall onto your roof, causing significant damage. To prevent this, make sure to trim any overhanging branches and remove any dead or damaged trees near your home.

Invest in Impact-Resistant Roofing Materials

Living in a state like Texas, it may be worth investing in impact-resistant roofing materials. These materials are designed to withstand hail and can provide an extra layer of protection for your roof.

What to Do After a Hailstorm

Here are some steps you can take to assess and address any potential damage to your roof:

  1. Inspect your roof for any signs of damage.
  2. Document any damage with photos and videos.
  3. Contact your insurance company to file a claim.
  4. Hire a professional roofing contractor to assess the damage and make any necessary repairs.


Hailstorms can cause significant damage to your roof, leaving your home vulnerable to leaks and other issues. Understanding the science of hail and taking steps to protect your roof can help minimize the impact of damage.

If you suspect your roof has been damaged by hail, don’t wait to address the issue. Contact us here at Rainy Day Restoration. We offer 24/7 emergency services. With prompt action, you can ensure your roof is in top condition and ready to withstand the next Texas hailstorm.